Relationship terms


Yesterday I went to a cousin’s marriage and I was often confused with these relationship terms thought they are simple. So I wanted to draw a chart to clarify things… 

Common

Child

Grandchild

G-grandchild

G-g-grandchild

Ancestor

Child

Sister or Brother

Nephew or Niece

Grand-nephew or niece

G-grand-nephew or niece

Grandchild

Nephew or Niece

First cousin

First cousin, once removed

First cousin, twice removed

G-grandchild

Grand-nephew or niece

First cousin, once removed

Second cousin

Second cousin, once removed

G-g-grandchild

G-grand-nephew or niece

First cousin, twice removed

Second cousin, once removed

Third cousin

Cousin (first cousin)

Your first cousins are the people in your family who have two of the same grandparents as you. In other words, they are the children of your aunts and uncles.

Second Cousin

Your second cousins are the people in your family who have the same great-grandparents as you. but not the same grandparents.

Third, Fourth, and Fifth Cousins

Your third cousins have the same great-great-grandparents; fourth cousins have the same great-great-great-grandparents, and so on.

Removed

When the word “removed” is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations. You and your first cousins are in the same generation (two generations younger than your grandparents), so the word “removed” is not used to describe your relationship.

The words “once removed” mean that there is a difference of one generation. For example, your mother’s first cousin is your first cousin, once removed. This is because your mother’s first cousin is one generation younger than your grandparents and you are two generations younger than your grandparents. This one-generation difference equals “once removed.”

Twice removed means there is a two-generation difference. You are two generations younger than a first cousin of your grandmother, so you and your grandmother’s first cousin are first cousins, twice removed.

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